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Puerto Williams,
Cape Horn Commune,
Chile
Puerto Williams is the southernmost city of the world and the jumping off point for Antarctica. Located on Navarino Island, it is separated from the mainland by the Beagle Channel, so named after Charles Darwin's ship.
The area was once inhabited by Yagan Indians and other nomads who sailed through the southern channels in search of game and fish.

Outside town

Around Puerto Williams the Andean range is dismembered into an archipelago as long as the distance separating Rome and Copenhagen. This archipelago is even in width: thousands of islands covered with flourishing vegetation, snow capped mountains and Andean volcanoes, but behind the interior valleys covered in jungle and strong current rivers, the vast plains of the pampa.  

Thousands of places, still nameless, await the traveler.  From the Strait of Magellan Southwards, the land is inspiring and tells of legends that ends in Cape Horn.  Here the Andean range sinks into the Drake Sea to reappear 800 km further South, in the Antarctic.  This large region of incredible scenery, where silence of uninhabited lands reigns over all, is a suggestion for adventure.

 
PORT WILLIAMS
Translated from Spanish from http://www.cabodehornos.8k.com/
                                                                      
COMMUNE OF CAPE HORN
We Are At the end of the world where America ends or begins, where the Pacific and the Atlantic are found as one to create a single sea, where the word  "distance" is manifested in its maximum expression.  Cape Horn was discovered by the Dutch Outfitters, Shouten and Le Maire in 1616, when they sought a new route to access the Pacific Ocean.  During the centuries since it has been the maximum challenge for sailors that encounter one of their highest feats of navigation in the rounding it. Here is found, a sculpture (the Cape Horn Monument) which is represented by an Albatross in flight and was built in honor of the sea men of all nations, who lost their lives fighting against the inclemency of this difficult route.  Cape Horn is located to 400 miles from Punta Arenas and 60 miles from Port Williams.  One can arrive there by air or ferry.


NAVARINO ISLAND        
is located in the extreme southern part of the American continent, facing the South coast of the Island of Fireland (Tierra Del Fuego) and immediately to the North of the Wollaston Island group and Cape Horn.         
The Island  is characterized by its great geographical diversity, and the presence  of the String of of the Teeth of Navarino (Dientes) whose heights exceed 1.100 meters. This string is found among Magellanic green forests, toward the South the slope of the land gives rise to an extensive plain of peat bog which permits the existence of lakes and spaces with abundant associated flora. Navarino Island  was the center of the Yaghán Culture of which the latest studies have permitted documenting more than 500 archaeological sites to date, all concentrated very near the coast.


PORT WILLIAMS
Is the Capital one of the Province Chilean Antarctica, nailed in the North bank of the Island Navarino, at the edge of the Beagle Channel. It is a natural door to the white continent, with a population that exceeds 2.000 persons, a young and growing city.  Its foundation dates from 1953 and was baptized in memory of Juan Williams Rebolledo, who took  possession of the Strait of Magellan, in name of the Chilean Government of the epoch. This beautiful port encircled by unforgettable  virgin landscapes can be reached from Punta Arenas air port 3-6 times a  week canceling not more than US$70 one way.  By maritime travel the trip is a great deal more attractive since imposing ventisqueros  (glaciers) of celestial beauty can be appreciated which are called:  Italy, Romanche, Spain, Holland, among others.  This section is 36 hours approx; has a value of US$150 and is carried out every 7 days.  Port Williams, has a  variable climate  with temperatures that do not surpass 18º C and do not descend less than -5º C  during the year.  It is recommended to visit the zone with good warm clothes (parkas, caps, gloves) and footwear for trekking.  The city possesses all the elementary services that you may need: Mail, telephone calls Centers, Internet, markets, hardware stores, satellite Television, Banks, Police, Hospital, Restaurants and Bed and Breakfasts, etc.


MARTÍN GUSINDE MUSEUM
As you travel through this Museum you will discover the History of the Yaghán and in part about how this southern Region was populated, and also about the flora and fauna existing in the sector. Gusinde  was an Anthropologist and priest who worked with the Yaghán between 1918 and 1923.
It is Open: from Monday thru Thursday from 09.30 to 12.30 hrs. – 15.00 to 17.00 hrs. – Saturday from 14.30 to 18.00 hrs. 
VILLAGE UKIKA   Located to 2 Km. of the center of the city this village is found inhabited by the last descendants of the  Yaghán.  Today they are dedicated to fishing and craft.  In this place  the Kipa Akar (Yagán Craft sale Center) is found.                        

PARK ETNOBOTÁNICO  " OMORA "
The Park  "Omora" is located 5 kms from Port Williams, its wealth of botany of the zone can be appreciated fused with the Yaghán Culture. It is a free air classroom with food for students and school masters, Universities students and for visitors  interested in nature, landscapes and cultures.  A natural laboratory to study the ecology of the southernmost forests of the planet, including the processes and effects of global climate changes in the Commune of Cape Horn. A public space where one may practice forms of contact based on solidarity and respect among diverse human beings and diverse biological species.                                                                                                                     
THE YAGHÁN
They were the first inhabitants occupying these southern grounds with its severe conditions of the Beagle Channel and adjacent channels tas far as Cape Horn.  Their stature  was low, 1.58 meters. for the men and 1.47 meters for the women. They were used to walking completely naked in winter at which times they only carried a piece of guanaco or fox skin on their back. They lived by hunting and fishing and also they were used to collecting mushrooms, fruits, and roots when they were in season.  The families remained for great part of their time in canoes that were built with bark of Lenga (Beech) in which they cooked  with reed baskets in the center over stones using moss to constantly maintain the fire. The Yaghán did not form social groups freely. The Evangelization of the same was carried out by the English Missionaries whose contact along with early Gold miners and sailors brought the illnesses of the white man to the zone which finally finished bringing down the population of these canoe Indians. 

SPORTS FISHING
In the zone exist various lakes, the lake Navarino being one of them, located in the flat Oriental center of the Island, is the most southern body of fresh water in America, can be reached in vehicle arriving to Caleta Eugenia, and later with a specialized guide, in six hours of hiking one arrives at its bank.  It is recommended to go for more than a day.  In its water inhabits the trucha salmonídea (trout and salmon). The lakes Windhound, Rilushejan and Laguna Rojas among others, are also apt to practice sports fishing. To enjoy them one should count on all the elements of camping necessary for staying in the sector. 

THE BEAVERS:
Among the fauna is found the beaver, a small rodent that was introduced in the year 1950 on Tierra Del Fuego Island, a species of North American origin that has adapted with great facility to the cold climate of the zone though is certain, that its presence has contributed to worsen the flow of rivers and the environment in which inhabits. In the island many places exist where they can be seen working on their constructions.    

CALETA OF MEJILLONES
A Bay located to 30  Km. to the West of Port Williams, was the last native camp of the Province, where nearly a hundred of representatives and descendants of the Yaghán people inhabited until the year 1967, later the State transferred them  to Village Ukika, to offer them  greater welfare in Health and Education.  This sector is of great  cultural interest due to its  Native Cemetery being the largest in the Province, which was declared National Monument the year 1978. 

TEETH OF NAVARINO
It is the most southern trekking route of of the world and consists of the surrounding string of the Teeth of Navarino whose steep summits exceed 1000 meters in height.  In this manner one travels in the middle  of an imposing landscape of mountains dominated by frozen gaps, snowy peaks, slopes of rocks, with the impressive view of the Beagle Channel and the South sector of the island towards the Horn.  In this zone beautiful phenomena can be appreciated tied with the fusion of snow, giving birth to torrents and subterranean rivers.

    
ACTIVITIES AND EVENTS
    
21ST OF JUNE “THE LONGEST NIGHT” (18 hours)  COMMUNAL ARTISTIC EVENT AND RECREATION THAT is CARRIED OUT EACH YEAR FOR THE PURPOSE OF RECEIVING THE WINTER SEASON  

29TH OF JUNE   “ FESTIVITY OF SAN PEDRO”   EVENT OF RELIGIOUS CHARACTER ORGANIZED BY THE PESCADORES (FISHERSMEN) USING THEIR BOATS TO YIELD TRIBUTE TO THEIR PATRON SAINT.  

LAST HALF OF JULY  “PARTY OF THE SNOW”  THIS IS THE IMPORTANT EVENT OF THE YEAR AND THE ONE THAT BRINGS THE LARGEST QUANTITY OF PERSONS IN PORT WILLIAMS. IS AN ARTISTIC, COMPETITIVE ACTIVITY OF CHARACTER AND RECREATION. IT INCLUDES DIFFERENT COMPETITION LINKED WITH THE WINTER SEASON, WITH THE ELECTION OF A QUEEN AND MUSICAL NUMBERS. EXTENDS FOR A WEEK.   

18TH AND 19TH OF SEPTEMBER  “ COUNTRY'S PARTY”   CELEBRATION OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE, INCLUDES OFFICIAL RAMADAS AND TYPICAL CHILEAN FOODS      

21ST OF NOVEMBER   “ ANNIVERSARY OF PORT WILLIAMS ”   ACTIVITY OF CELEBRATION OF THE FOUNDATION ANNIVERSARY PORT WILLIAMS, THIS INCLUDES FESTIVAL OF THE VOICE, YOUTH LIVE, FLEA MARKET, COFFEE, RECITAL OF DECLAMATIONS AND POEMS.                                         

LIST OF TOURIST CIRCUITS    

CIRCUIT SENDERISMO “FLAG HILL” is initiated from Port Williams, specifically beginning at the waterfall “The Virgin”, located to 3 Kms. of the center of the city, its duration is approximately of 3 hours (departure and return), its difficulty is low average.  From the summit one can make out the imposing landscape of the  Beagle Channel, the Islands of Tierra Del Fuego and Gable and the Teeth of Navarino with its gaps.

CIRCUIT “ TEETH OF NAVARINO”   An ideal Setting for practicing mountaineering, path-finding and escalation of rocks.  It is the most southern trekking route in the world, surrounded by a cord of jagged peaks, its duration is 4 days you travel through 53 kms with an average to high difficulty passing Laguna El Salto, Laguna Escondida, Laguna Martillo y Laguna Los Guanacos. (Waterfall lake, Hidden Lake, Lake Hammer and Lake of The Guanacos). It begins and finishes in Port Williams.  It is necessary to indicate that the climatic conditions are absolutely determinant in the ability to carry out the circuit (September – April)  

CIRCUITS WITH LITTLE USED PATHS
 
- Circuit Caleta Union to Caleta Wulaia

- Circuit Punta Rosales to Lake Windhond -

- Circuit Caleta Eugenia to Port Toro
    

CIRCUITS FOR EXPLORATION  

Caleta Mejillones to Caleta Wulaia

Port Williams (Village Ukika) to Lake Windhond

Caleta Eugenia to Lake Navarino

Port Toro to Caleta Beban (Bahia Windhond)
    

CIRCUITS OF NAVIGATION  

Circuit VENTISQUEROS (Glaciers)

0       Port Williams
Ø       Northwest Branch
Ø       Canal Thompson
Ø       Southwest Branch
Ø       Port Williams  

Circuit NAVARINO
Ø       Port Williams
Ø       Bahia Windhond
Ø       Canal Murray
Ø       Port Williams      

CAPE HORN Circuit
Ø       Port Williams
Ø       Island Picton, Nueva and Lenox
Ø       south Sector Island Navarino
Ø       Port Williams  

NAUTICAL Excursions (Victory Travel)  

Ø       Cape Horn (7 days)
Ø       Glaciers of the Darwin mountain Range (7 days)
Ø       Antarctica (1 month)   Price US$180 to 220 /day
0       Antarctica by plane or cruiser 1-10 days

GUIDED Tours by Victory Travel:
- Hike to places of interest. Duration: Characteristically 2 hours:
Spanish, English.  Value: US$10 per person
- Park Etnobotánico “OMORA” Guided tour inside the Park: Includes transfer inside and out, realizable in Spanish, English Value: US$15 per person (does not include entrance to the Park.



END OF Patagonian news for November


More Patagonian News featuring Cape Horn:

CAPE HORN THE TERRIBLE

Historic Orange Bay, just 20 miles North of False Cape Horn

The Wollastan Islands, just 10 miles North of  Cape Horn


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