Antarctica Discounts
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Penguins belong to the class Aves (the birds), and are members of the order Sphenisciformes, which contains only one family, Spheniscidae, of which all penguin species are members.
This single-family www.fotoorder is known as "Gregg's paraox", after the first taxonomer to complain about it. There are 18 species of penguins alive today, divided into 6 genera:

* Eudyptes: 6 species
* Spheniscus 4 species
* Pygocelis 3 species
* Aptenodytes 2 species
* Eudyptula 1 (or 2) species
* Megadyptes 1 species

* Genus Aptenodytes Aptenodytes means "Featherless Diver". The Aptenodytes are the largest and most colourful penguins, with bright orange/yellow ear-patches and chest markings.
* Aptenodytes forsteri Common Name: Emperor Height: 115cm Weight: 30kg
* Aptenodytes patagonicus Common Name: King Height: 94cm Weight: 15kg
Distribution: Macquarie, Marion, Prince Edward, Kerluegen, Crozet, South Georgia, South Sandwitch

* Genus Pygocelis Pygocelis means "Brush Tailed". The pygocelids are most people's idea of the classic black and white penguin, the star of a thousand cartoons.
* Pygocelis antarctica Common Name: Chinstrap Height: 68cm Weight: 4.5kg
Distribution: South Shetlands, South Orkneys, South Sandwich, Antarctic Peninsuala to 65 degrees

* Pygocelis papua Common Name: Gentoo Height: 71cm Weight: 6kg
Distribution: north Antarctic Peninsuala to 65 degrees S, South Shetlands, South Orkneys, South Sandwich, Macquari, Falklands, Staten Island
There are three sub-species of the gentoo:
* Pygocelis papua papua
* Pygocelis papua elsworthii
* Pygocelis papua taeniata

* Pygocelis adeliae Common Name: Adzlie Height: 71cm Weight: 5kg
Distribution: coastal Antarctica, South Shetlands, South Orkneys, South Sandwich, Antarctic Peninsuala

* Spheniscus humbodlti Common Name: Peruvian, Humbodlt Height: 66cm Weight: 4kg
Distribution: Peruvian and Chilean coastal islands

* Spheniscus magellanicus Common Name: Magellanic Height: 71cm Weight: 5kg
Distribution: southern Chile, Patagonia, Tiera del Fuego, Staten, Falklands

* Genus Eudyptes Eudyptes means "Beautiful Diver". The Eudyptes penguins all have yellow crest feathers.
* Eudyptes chrysolophus Common Name: Macaroni Height: 71cm Weight: 4.5kg
Distribution: Kerguelen, Crozet, Falklands, Marion, Heard, South Georgia, South Shetlands, South Sandwitch, Bouvet

Good Penguin page

Torres Del Paine National Park


Photos by Carole McClain carolemcclain@sbcglobal.net

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