VICTORY ADVENTURE'S SOUTHERN OCEANS EXPEDITIONS
60' LOD / 75' LOA William Garden
Topsail Schooner, 1986
Hull Material: Cypress Wood
Engine/Fuel Type: Single Diesel
Design: William Garden - Exact replica of 1870 Maine cargo schooner
YEAR BUILT: 1986
HEADROOM: 2 - 2.5 meters
DISPLACEMENT: 47 tons (64 tons laden)
BALLAST: 16 ton lead
ENGINE: Daewoo Diesel 230 HP
DESIGNER: WILLIAM GARDEN
The Museum of America and the Sea
General Comments About The Boat:
Construction of this classic William Garden topsail schooner first began in 1970, but political uncertainties then delayed the project until 1983 and the ship was finally christened and launched new 1986. She was built to handle some of the world's toughest conditions. Thanks to her heavy ballast, wide beam and full keel, she is exceptionally seaworthy and has sailed for 17 years from one end of Chile to the other, Arica to Cape Horn, sometimes braving hurricane-force winds. She has been used on and off to carry up to 60 tourist passengers on day sails and up to 12 on overnight trips. Only a captain and 2 crew are required to handle her. Her reliable Cat diesel was completely overhauled, including head and injector pump, just 1500 hours ago. Both her forward and main Oregon pine masts were replaced in 2002, when she also received a new rudder and other upgrades. Her overall condition at this time is very good. She is a go-anywhere, sailorman's sailing vessel ready for sea with a size is not excessive for anchoring in small coves.
Accommodations & Layout:
The vessel has 2 crew bunks in bow with work bench, 7 closets for storage and chain locker. Going down 2 stairs from the bow cabin is the depth sounder, forward mast, galley with ample closet space, industrial propane stove, oven and sink. Along side the galley is a bathroom with head, 3 closets, and wash basin.
Continuing on to the other side of a swinging door is the large dining area which seats 10 persons with space for TV, video, under-seat storage, bookcase - 2 small drawers, wood burning stove, stereo cassette player, FM and AM radio and 2 closets. Also behind accordion doors in this area is found bunk beds for 2 adults, with storage area, drawer and 4 closets.
Going towards the stern one finds a closet for firewood, and on the starboard side, a cabin for 3 adults with double bed, bunk bed, storage area, glass hatch and 2 closets. To the right (Port ) side is a very large cabin with a double bunk, storage area, 2 large drawers, 2 small drawers, glass hatch, bunk bed for a child and 4 closets.
Onwards towards the stern through a swinging door and up 3 stairs is found the motor room with electrical panel, battery charger, 5 closets, 3 filing cabinet drawers, radar, VHF radio, instruments, and GPS.
On the starboard side are (2) double cabins, each with 2 closets, storage area and porthole. On the port side is found a cabin with a large single bunk, 2 drawers, porthole and storage space. Also on the port side next to the radio is a small single cabin for crew.
To the stern is found a bathroom with bathtub, shower, wash basin, 3 closets and head.
Fuel: 300 gallons (Enough for 2 weeks by motor in Tierra Del Fuego)
Water: 250 gallons (2 x 125 tanks)
Cruising with motor: 6 knots
Maximum: 8 knots
9 knots under sail
Electrical & Mechanical:
(10) 600 amp, 28 volt chargeable Nicad
batteries (24 volt 600 amp bank) and
2 - 24 Volt banks of New acid 180
amp batteries for a Total of 360 A 24 V
(1) 180 amp acid 12 volt with it's own alternator for 12 volt systems
Maqchin Lister type generator 6 hp diesel, 2000 watt 220 vac, 100 hours use
Battery selector switch
12 & 24 volt amp meter
Oil pressure and water temp gauges
100 amp battery charger
30 amp alternator, 12 v and 60 amp, 24 v
with 30 amp spare
200 Watt power inverter
Shore power cord
24 volt lighting through-out
220 V power plugs
Navigation & Electronics:
Furuno radar, 6 mile range
6-inch gimbaled compass
VHF and SSB radios
FM stereo/CD player
2 Heads with wash basin and shower
Pressure water system in galley, shower and bathrooms
2 electric, one manual and one 2 hp gasoline
(4) thru-hulls with shut off valves
Hull and Deck:
Wide-beam hull, full keel and gaff schooner rig type
Hull is covered below the water line with 2 mm
copper sheeting to prevent ship worms
Capt. Ben with the VICTORY
Before launch in 1986
Note copper sheeting
at the water line
Mast clearance: 72 ft
Masts: Oregon Pine - Box Hollow
Total sail area: 1986 sq. ft.
Main sail- 770 sq. ft.
Man overboard rig
(2) Circular rings with lights and rope
2: 16-person inflatable liferafts
(4) Fire extinguishers
(1) rubber boats
9 'and 12' Maxxon rubber boats with oars
Anchor windlass: hand
360 lb Danforth anchor, 320' of 1/2 chain
150 lb Grapple type anchor, 20' ft chain & 200' rope
50 lb Danforth anchor, 10' chain & 100' rope
12 volt battery charger
Dock lines and extra line
(2) brass kerosene lanterns
Emergency steering system
Complete Steel fittings for yard arm
Catalog # 96.198 / Design # 282
William Garden was born November 5, 1918 in Calgary, Alberta. His family moved to Oregon in 1924 where he started school, but by 1928 they had relocated again to the Montlake District of Seattle. In January,1935, upon graduation from high school, he enrolled at the Edison Boatbuilding School where he learned new construction for both sail and power; then went to work for Andrew's Boat Company on Portage Bay, not far from his home. His next project was construction of his schooner GLEAM which he sailed throughout the San Juan Islands, around Vancouver Island, and along the coast of British Columbia when time permitted.
In 1940 he formed a partnership with another builder, Dave Leclercq, at an old mill site on Portage Bay. They built five sailing yachts before closing shop in 1942 to work at established yards building boats for the war effort. At the age of 24, with 51 boats designed (mainly work boats, tugs, trollers, and sardine boats) he was drafted into the US Army and sent to the Adak Ship Repair Base in the Aleutians. As he described it "I was the only man in the Army employed in what I liked doing". Discharged in the spring of 1946 as a Master Sergeant, he returned to Seattle and spent time putting GLEAM back into commission and designing halibut boats, trollers and the 30-foot cutter BULL FROG. That summer he and his longtime friend John Adams took a two month holiday cruise with GLEAM to the north British Columbia coast and back around Vancouver Island (one of his later cruises was documented in the April 1951 issue of YACHTING, "Beachcombing the Goose Islands"). In the fall of 1947 he was licensed as a Naval Architect and in the following year took in additional design work on fishing boats, yachts and when time allowed, RAIN BIRD, which was to replace GLEAM as his boat of choice.
In 1951 he moved his office from the old boatshop site on Portage Bay to the Pacific Fishing & Trading Co. building on the ship canal in Ballard; then in 1954 the office was moved to Maritime Shipyards with a participating interest in the yard. This partnership produced several yachts, work boats, pile drivers, etc. Bill and N.A. Phil Brinck worked together on miscellaneous projects through the mid 50's, and in 1956 Brinton Sprague, a mechanical engineer and Bill's good friend and mentor joined him for several years, his expertise providing a major contribtion to the firm. A 1957 article in Marine Digest detailed 62 boats in construction valued at nearly 2 million dollars and another 12 on the boards. In 1959 the design office was moved from the Maritime Shipyards location to a new building above Lockhaven Marina overlooking the locks and ship canal traffic. For a time he gave serious thought to relocating to New Zealand in order to provide a more ideal location to raise a family, and Victoria, BC was chosen in 1968 as an interim move while projects in process where completed. Later a nearby island was purchased as an interesting location for design offices. Shops and a self-sufficient island home were established in 1969 and from then until the present he has operated from this location. His recent projects have primarily involved yacht designs, the largest being 231 feet in length. For information on individual designs or for an index of all the designs held at Ships Plans see links to the Index to William Garden Collection at http://www.mysticseaport.org .
If you have no knowledge whatsoever of the reputation of Chilean shipwrights as a whole, of their skill and attention to detail, please see below:
The Chiloe Island Shipwrights (Chilotes) are some of the best and are sought after from many countries.
Was she rough-built through and through? Not so much in the sense of workboat vs. finished yacht, but in the sense of were corners cut? Wood not sufficiently seasoned? Components not properly bedded? Stock not pre-drilled for fasteners?
No, she was built exactly to the William Garden plans as a fine yacht.
Is she well ventilated in such areas as the forepeak and transom?,
Yes. Although she has tight interior 1 3/4" planking she has ventilation at the top of the ceiling between each frame just below the decks and all wood was well seasoned.
During the 18 years from her launching her timbers, planking, decks, cabin houses, etc. have been all well maintained and wood replaced where necessary.
Mold and rot have been continually maintained. Wood was used in her construction such as cypress and Redwood which is very resistant to rot. Her deck does not leak at all.
She was taking on about 2 gal day of water, but at present it is almost negligible.
She handles well and is very well balanced, light on the helm and stable fore and aft in terms of pitching. She has no shortcomings for a seaworthy boat. She is very fast in heavy winds, but slow in light winds.
Her running rigging was completely replaced in 1990 including new Douglas fir box hollow masts to replace the Chiloe Island Manio solid masts.
The original decks which are still in place after being repaired are made of 1 1/2 x 3 1/2 redwood over 1 1/2 x 3 1/2 cypress. They were made to hold a good deal of weight (16 tons of cargo). The boat is a replica of a New England cargo schooner of 1870.
I fought to stop up the leaks in the decks for about 10 years, when I read an article in wooden boat about using marine plywood glued with epoxy glue over the decks. This was nailed with copper nails and painted with epoxy paint. The decks and cabin houses which we also did have not leaked since!
The original William Garden plans were very carefully followed. The interior is my own invention done over the years a little bit at a time, by one of the original shipwrights who later stayed on with me for 10 years.
The stem, stern post, deck beams, and Samson post are made of cypress wood.
The hull was covered first with tar saturated felt, then copper nailed with copper nails.
I have never had any ship worm problems with the hull.
Galvanized steel square shanked nails were used as fasteners for the hull planking. some replacement planks use 7 inch copper nails.
Is she seaworthy?
Captain Ben writes:
The first big storm that I got into with the VICTORY was a "Suraso" (strong south wind) going North from Puerto Montt to Valparaiso with all the running sails up (about 160 sq. mts.) and no reefs. This was 5-10 miles off the coast south of Talcahuano, Chile in 1987.
I had 4-5 crew aboard and told them to come up and take the sails down. The only one that came up was Efrain, the first mate and the others said they were too seasick. I SAID, IF THEY DIDN'T, THEY MIGHT DIE, BUT THIS MADE NO DIFFERENCE! :-) It was impossible to take the sails down and the wind continued rising to about 45 knots. The wind lasted about 4-5 hours, as I recollect, and we saw other boats sending out distress signals.
The second major storm was a 45 knot nor'wester with lots of rain which heaped up 7 meter waves. We were in this one about 3 years later in that same area. We asked for help, but the navy said it was too dangerous to come out to help us. We lost a cross tree during a jibe when the foresail gaff swung over too hard . One brave crew almost went overboard when he went forward to tighten a loose foremast stay. I had water up to my knees a lot of the time at the helm. After over 48 hours it finally died. I told myself I would never be captain again after this, but later found myself doing tours of Cape Horn!
The VICTORY is located in Puerto Williams, Chile, just 25 miles East of
Ushuaia, Argentina. (By Cape Horn) We have sailed her up and down the
coast from the Northern tip of Chile to Cape Horn and she is very
seaworthy with her heavy ballast and broad beam.
Quicktime Movies of SV VICTORY
"Sailing the Beagle Channel"
(1.2 MB and 800 KB)
More information and photos on SV VICTORY